This tutorial will show you how to get a simple mail server on FreeBSD 10, with Postfix as MTA, Dovecot as MDA and Sieve for sorting mail – all over an encrypted connection for improved security.
In order to configure everything properly, first install these packages:
pkg pkg update -f pkg install dovecot dovecot-managesieve postfix
When pkg asks you:
Would you like to activate Postfix in /etc/mail/mailer.conf [n]?
The first configuration step is done in
/usr/local/etc/dovecot.conf. In the
protocol lda section, we will add a postmaster address so that people can contact you in case of a failure. Next, we will allow auto-creation of folders and auto-subscription of said folders to avoid an inconsistent state between your mail client and the server:
postmaster_address = email@example.com lda_mailbox_autocreate = yes lda_mailbox_autosubscribe = yes
The next step is to assign the correct path for your users’ mailboxes in the same file, under the
mail_location = maildir:~/Maildir
If the line already exists, comment it out and replace it with the one above. Now to configure encryption for IMAP. I assume that you already have a certificate in place:
ssl = yes ssl_cert = </path/to/your/certificate ssl_key = </path/to/your/key
The last step is to tell Postfix to deliver the mails via Dovecot, and also tell it to use SASL via Dovecot for authentication. Add the following lines to
mailbox_command = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/deliver smtpd_use_tls = no smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, reject_unauth_destination
Next, add both services to
/etc/rc.conf and start them:
echo "postfix_enable=YES" >> /etc/rc.conf echo "dovecot_enable=YES" >> /etc/rc.conf /usr/local/etc/rc.d/postfix start /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dovecot start
Since it is considered rude to use the root-account for mailing, you should create a separate user for your mailing needs:
pw user add youruser -m passwd youruser
Inform postfix about the new user:
Now you can test the mail functionality with the following command:
echo "TEST" | mail -s "testmail" youruser@localhost && tail -f /var/log/maillog
If your log files contain a line similar to the following one (The last part is the important) ..
postfix/local: 3F63C5B71: to=<youruser@localhost>, orig_to=<youruser@localhost>, relay=local, delay=0.01, delays=0/0/0/0.01, dsn=2.0.0, status=sent (delivered to command: /usr/libexec/dovecot/deliver)
.. then everything is working properly.
Sieve is automatically installed and configured by the
dovecot-managesieve package itself.
And that’s it. You can now log in via IMAP or POP3 in a secure fashion, send transport encrypted mails, and write filters with Sieve.